In this tutorial you can get some basic knowledge of writing scripts in Blender. You don’t need to have any pre-requisites other than some basic Python syntax. Our goal is pretty straightforward as following:

  1. Add an object in the scene
  2. Modify some of the properties of the object, such as location and visibility
  3. Create an animation of the object’s movement by inserting keyframes
  4. Render this animation

Follow these steps and you will obtain a sense of how to write your own scripts! I’ll also share some basic Python script templates.

Step 0: Prepare the environment

First, open the Blender in the default mode. Click the Script tab to use the script view. Now we have three useful panels:

  1. Console: you can run Python codes interactively here
  2. Editor: you can write lines of codes here and run them all in once
  3. Info: some information will be logged here

Adjust these panels in a way you like.


Step 1: Add and delete objects

Now let’s begin the tutorial formally. First, we need to add an object to the scene, for instance, a block mesh. But before we indeed write the first line of code, we need to recall how we usually create an object using the GUI. Click Add -> Mesh -> Cube and we have a new object named Cube.001 in the default collection. Now we can observe that in the Info panel the operation of adding a block is logged as a line of python code.


This is exactly what we need, so we right-click on this message and copy it, paste it into the Console, tap the Enter button to run it. The console returns a “Finished” and we can see a new mesh named Cube.002 was just created.


In the most of the time, if you don't know how to implement a specific function in Blender using Python script, just do it manually in the GUI once, and look for the corresponding code in the Info panel.

Now we have to clean up the scene since we indulge ourselves in adding too many objects we don’t actully need in the following steps. If we’d like to delete the Cube and Cube.001, in GUI we just need to click them with Ctrl hold and press delete. Great, we see a line of code just logged in the Info panel, so we just copy and run it without a hessitation. Wait wait wait, something horrible just happened. We got an error reported.


Hope you’re not freaked out. If you are, just calm down and take a look at the error message, which reads “…, context is incorrect”. In fact, errors due to “incorrect context” are the most common ones encountered by beginners. The concept of context is almost based on GUI operations, which is something like relative path. When writing scripts without GUI, context is so abstract that nobody wants to touch it. We need to seek a way using absolute path only.

Now open the setting page by clicking Edit -> Preference -> Interface. In the Dispaly section you can see Python Tooltips. Check it, and welcome to a wholy new world! If you haven’t notice anything different, hover your mouse over anywhere you want to change a value.


These tooltips are quite useful, with them we can readily access almost any property of an object (by hoverning on the property you’d like to access in GUI). In Blender all objects are stored in a dict called We can use the name of an object as key to access it, for example,['Cube.001']. Recall what we will do to delete an object:

  1. select the object
  2. delete it

Therefore, eh writing codes we follow this slightly rigid but almost same logic:['Cube.001'].select_set(True)

Run the above codes line by line in the console, you’ll at least delete the Cube.001 successfully. So what do I mean by “at least”? Well, if another object was also selected as well, it will also be deleted, unfortunately and innocently. Therefore, a safe practice is to deselect all objects before selecting and deleting one, which can be done by executing the following line:


Now try to use what you have learnt to delete the Cube. If you mess something up, feel free to withdraw or rollback operations by using Ctrl+z or clicking Edit -> Undo History.

At the end of Step 1, only Camera, Cube.002 and Light should be in our scene. But if you are really lazy to delete something, just leave it to Step 2, where we will have more tricks to get it out of the way.

Here is the first template function to delete all the objects in a given collection:

def delete_all_in_collection(collection_name: str):
    for item in[collection_name].objects.values():

Step 2: Modify properties and use methods

If you have followed the steps above perfectly, our cube will have an ugly name, Cube.002, which is really annoying that everyone cannot wait to change it to a brief one. So type the following code in the Console and run it:['Cube.002'].name = 'Cube'
# or equivalently
D.objects['Cube.002'].name = 'Cube'
5['Cube.002'].name = 'Cube'

 # or equivalently

 D.objects['Cube.002'].name = 'Cube'

In line#1, we change the name property of the cube from Cube.002 into Cube. Most of the properties of an object can be accessed and modified just like this. Line#3 also works because the console is so considerate that it defines a variable D = in advance for convenient, as you can see in the logged information in your own console.

You may have a question now: How do I know what properties of an object I can access or modify? Well, it could be a perfect chance to introduce the most powerful part of the console, that is, interaction. The Python console is designed to be equiped with automatic prompt and completion using Tab.

Enter only D.objects['Cube']. in the Console and press Tab, we will have a complete list of, not only properties, but also methods of the object as below:

>>> D.objects['Cube'].  # <-Tab pressed->
Note in the above code there is a dot (.) before `Tab`. Try pressing `Tab` without the dot, you will see something different but also interesting.

Don’t worry if you are confused bu most of unfamiliar properties and methods of an object, becasue we are not going to do anything with them. Let’s try to find something we can understand, for example, D.objects['Cube'].location:

>>> D.objects['Cube'].location
Vector((0.0, 0.0, 0.0))

We won’t be surprised by the returned results becasue the cube is located exactly at the origin of the world. Now I want to change its y-coordinate to 2, which can be achieved with:

D.objects['Cube'].location[1] = 2
# or equivalently
D.objects['Cube'].location = 0, 2, 0
 D.objects['Cube'].location[1] = 2
 # or equivalently
 D.objects['Cube'].location = 0, 2, 0

In line#3 we are modifying the cube’s loaction on all three axises (i.e., x,y and z) at the same time. Note the 0, 2, 0 on the RHS is actually a Python tuple (0, 2, 0).

Now it’s time to continue what we said at the end of the step 1. If there are more than 1 cube in the scene (e.g., Cube.001) and you are not willing to delete it mercilessly, you may want to make it “invisible” for a while instead. Thus, we can use the hide_set() method:

>>> D.objects['Cube.001'].hide_set(  # <-Tab pressed->
hide_set()  # from here are prompts
Object.hide_set(state, view_layer=None)
Hide the object for viewport editing. This hiding state is per view layer

Acordding to the prompts above, we know how to use hide_set() to make the cube invisibe:


We see that the cube indeedly disappears from the viewport, but don’t get too excited. To avoid the cube disturbing the animation, we also need to disable it in the rendering:

D.objects['Cube.001'].hide_render = True

Now you can see that the camera-shape button is off and the Cube.001 will not appear in the rendering results.

Step 3: Create animation

Now we have a problem that we have to face. So far we have alwasy excuting codes line by line in the console directly. But what if we would like to implement some pretty sophisticated logic with maybe 20 lines of codes, interspersed with a lot of for loops and if conditions? Blender allows us to run Python scripts writing in a .py file.

To be continued